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利益率計算機

この電卓は、利益率を計算する方法についての質問に答え、利益を増やすために製品の正確な販売価格を決定するのに役立ちます。
利益率計算結果
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あなたの販売価格
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あなたの利益
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売上総利益率

How to Calculate Profit Margin?

The calculation method is pretty simple. To calculate a profit margin value, you need to subtract the cost of your goods sold (other known as COGS) from your net sales (total revenue minus returns, discounts and allowances). Then you need to divide this figure by net sales value and the gross profit margin will come. To get the results in percentage, just multiply the number by 100.

Atlasmic’s profit margin calculator does the math for you, but if you are looking to do it manually, the formula would look like this:

X - Net sales value
Y - Cost of goods sold (COGS)
Z - Profit

X - Y = Z
Z / X * 100 = % Gross profit margin

What is the Average Profit Margin by Industry?

As a general rule, there are a lot of saying that a 10% net profit margin is the average profit margin. However, you should always consider, that every industry has a different average net profit margin. Here is the list of the average net profit margins for some of the most common small business categories in the United States:

Service businesses have the highest profit margins amongst other categories. The average for this category is about 18%, as the low operating costs and the number of repeat clients make the high-profit margin.

Real estate services have a profit margin of around 15% and can get as high as 20%. Tax services can climb even higher than 20%.

Restaurants usually have a profit margin that is about 12% and can vary 1-3%.

Retail has an average profit margin of 8%.

How to Analyze Corporate Profit Margins?

Understanding corporate profit margins can help you get insights into a company’s current effectiveness in generating profits and potentially the company’s future. The key lesson to analyze corporate profit margins are to understand that the profit margin comes in 3 different levels: net profit, gross and operating profit.

Net profit margin is often referred to as the company’s profit for the accounting and is found at the bottom of the income statement. It displays if the company is generating net income. Taking it as a single point of truth might not be the best idea. That’s why there are more figures.

Gross margin provides insights into how the company is managing the production costs to produce income. The higher the margin, the more efficient the company is generating revenue.

The operating profit margin often shows why a particular company is outperforming other competitors. It shows how well the company manages to operate as it includes operating expenses, such as salaries, rent and leases instead of showing fixed costs.

What is a Good Profit Margin?

The money you earn from your business is not everything. However, if the company is being compared by some investors, you might have a look at your profit margin number. Generally, investors compare each company’s net profit margin with the industry standards. Sometimes they take benchmark indexes, such as S&P 500, Nasdaq or Dow. These can be around 10%, however, the good profit margin can be only calculated within the industry average. Anyways, if you are keeping this number way above the average - you might be a great salesperson!

What is the Difference Between Profit & Profit Margin?

The only big difference between these two values is that the profit margin is measured as a percentage while the profit margin shows every amount of money in earnings. Also, the increased amount of earnings does not always represent profitability. When you know your profit margin, you can make more effective sales plans and increase your revenue.

よくある質問

利益率の計算式は?

利益率計算のレベルごとに3種類の計算式があります。
純利益率=(当期純利益÷売上高)×100
売上総利益率=(総売上高-売上原価)÷総売上高×100
営業利益率=(営業利益÷売上高)×100

商品の販売コストやCOGSとは何ですか?

まず、COGS(Cost of Goods Sold)は「売上原価」と呼ばれることが多く、計算式で表示することができます。
COGS=期首たな卸資産+期中仕入高-期末たな卸資産
あなたがビジネスを構築している場合、COGSは通常、売上高、または収益のカテゴリの下で、損益計算書に見つけることができます。
例:期首に10,000ユーロの在庫を持っていて、2,000ユーロの追加購入をした場合、期末在庫の価値が4,000ユーロしかなかった場合、COGSの価値は8,000ユーロとなります。これで、年間の売上原価が8,000ユーロであることがわかったので、より良いビジネス上の意思決定ができるようになります。

営業利益率の計算方法は?

営業利益率は、営業利益を総収入で割って算出し、その結果をパーセンテージで表します。
式で解くことができます。
営業利益率=(営業利益/売上高)×100

純利益とは?

純利益は、あなたが経費やその他の許容される控除を差し引いた後にあなたのビジネスが稼ぐ利益です。費用は、販売、一般、管理、営業、減価償却費、利息、税金、およびその他が含まれています。

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